Natural calamities may be divided into physical and biological calamities. Earthquakes, floods, cyclones and hurricanes, etc., are examples of physical phenomena which may cause devastation.
Widespread diseases, epidemics and pandemics, etc., are the examples of biological calamities.
Social Calamities are those which are caused by corruption, injustices, moral disintegration, economic exploitation and political oppression, etc.
Accidental Calamities are caused by some accident, such as rail, road, sea and air mishaps.
During the time of Biblical prophets God’s chastisement befell a people when they turned against their Prophet and willfully rejected the message of truth, and, secondly, it befell only the opponents of the Prophet without harming the believers.
Disasters and calamities, however, should definitely have a lesson in them for every wise person. They must remind us of the temporariness and fragility of our existence in this world.
And, every such incident should certainly strengthen our faith in God and remind us of our duty to our fellow human beings.
However, when the people fail to fulfill the demands of the laws of nature, they may fall victim to the otherwise positive and beneficial natural changes ( Think about the issue of Ozone)
God almighty has endowed human beings with free will within a certain domain. In that domain, they are accountable for their deeds.
Substandard collective socio-politico-economic behaviour of a community may cause what is here termed as social calamities. When a community stops living according to the Divine moral values like justice, equality, rule of law, truth, love, care and sacrifice, and indulge in injustices, corruption, exploitation, dishonesty, and indecency etc., backwardness in all spheres of human living, lack, or poor standards, of basic human needs, overspread of crimes, etc. will ultimately appear as a consequence. This is explained in the Holy Qur’an at a number of places. In surah al-Rum (30:41), it is said:
“Corruption has appeared on land and in the sea as an outcome of what men’s hands have wrought: and so He will let them taste [the evil of] some of their doings, so that they might return [to the right path].”
This post was submitted by pa.amin.